Unique geology of Mpumalanga mountain range recognised as World Heritage Site by Unesco
The Barberton Makhonjwa Mountains have been inscribed on the prestigious World Heritage List‚ Arts and Culture Minister Nathi Mthethwa announced on Monday.
The decision was taken by the 42nd United Nations Educational‚ Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) World Heritage Committee‚ meeting in Bahrain.
“As the government of the Republic of South Africa‚ we would like to make a commitment that we will do all in our power to protect the integrity and the authenticity of this natural property‚” the minister said.
Sites that are deemed World Heritage Sites are recognised as having global historical or environmental significance‚ may signify a phenomenal achievement of humanity‚ or reveal ancient civilisations. The recognition allows the country to access funds for conservation from the World Heritage Fund and may increase tourism to the area. To be accepted onto the list‚ a country must meet stringent criteria and show how the site will be conserved.
The mountains in Mpumalanga are thought to be one of the oldest sites on Earth‚ with its volcanic rocks estimated to be between 3.2 and 3.6 billion years old.
The mountains are also believed to contain the oldest signs of life‚ with a micro fossil of bacteria discovered there that is estimated to be 3.1 billion years old.
The minister said the mountains‚ “have provided an unparalleled source of scientific information on the formation of the early earth from 3.6 billion years ago. Along with their exceptional geology‚ the area is rich in wild plants‚ animals and beautiful scenery.”
There are now 10 World Heritage Sites in South Africa‚ the most in Africa.
Prior to this‚ Mthethwa said‚ SA was tied with Mororcco and Egypt with nine World Heritage Sites each.
The inscription inaugurates Mpumalanga onto the list of provinces that are home to World Heritage Sites‚ which are: Robben Island (Western Cape)‚ Cape Floral Region Protected Areas (Western Cape and Eastern Cape)‚ Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (Limpopo)‚ Vredefort Dome (Free State and North-West)‚ Maloti Drakensberg Park [Transboundary with Lesotho] and Isimangaliso Wetland Park (KwaZulu-Natal)‚ Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa (Gauteng ‚ North-West and Limpopo)‚ Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape and ǂKhomani Cultural Landscape (Northern Cape).